How to hold a camera correctly for sharp photos

Of all the things you need to know about photography, learning how to hold a camera is probably the easiest skill on the road to sharp images.

If you don’t hold your camera so that it’s properly supported, you’ll experience camera shake and capture blurred photos. The blur might be significant, or it might just be minor, but why would you risk blurring photos instead of capturing sharp images?

But first, here’s how to be a human tripod!

How not to hold a camera

Let’s start with the most obvious way of how not to hold a camera. The lens makes the camera front heavy and, in the image below, her left hand isn’t supporting the lens at all.

How not to hold a camera horizontally

So, how do you hold a camera?

Hold your camera like in this next image, with the left hand doing most of the heavy lifting.

Sideview of correct way to hold a camera horizontally

If you can’t hold your camera easily with just your left hand, you’re not holding it correctly.

Your left hand supports your lens and camera, zooms in and out and focuses manually. Aside, from being the support, it needs to be ready to do its operating thing at all times.

Do you see how easily her thumb can reach some of the controls without moving her hand away from the lens?

Your right hand operates most of the controls on your camera, and offers additional support.

Can you see how the camera is almost resting in the left hand?

Nice and comfortable. Her palm is facing up with the inside of her wrist facing her body.

She also has her left arm jammed up against her body to give extra support and prevent movement in photos. Admittedly, it’s not always possible, because of some of the crazy positions you get into as a photographer, but as much as possible, keep your left arm against the front of your body.

Her thumb and middle finger are ideally placed to turn the zoom ring. Her thumb and index finger can easily turn the focus ring, while the rest of her hand still supports the lens and camera.

I have small hands and a sizeable camera, but I can easily support my camera body in the heel of my hand with my thumb and fingers around the lens.

Close up of hand position on camera lens

When holding your lens like this, your thumb is ideally placed to operate the switch and buttons on the front left of your camera. Once you’re familiar with their functions, you’ll be able to do this without taking your eye away from the viewfinder.

This is particularly helpful when photographing a fast changing situation so you don’t miss anything.

What if you don’t use big lenses?

It may be easy to hold your camera incorrectly and not get camera shake when you have a 50mm lens on your camera. However, try holding a camera incorrectly with a 70 – 200mm zoom lens, zoomed to 200mm, and you can forget about taking sharp photos.

I was curious, so I weighed my Nikon D810 with my 70-200mm lens attached. It’s just over 2.6kg! That’s a lot of weight to dangle in the air, unsupported without camera shake.

You might not use a big lens now, but if you get used to holding your camera correctly now, you’ll automatically do it when using a bigger lens.

Why is this the wrong way to hold a camera?

Clue – there are two reasons why this is an example of how not to hold a camera.

Incorrect way to hold a camera vertically

Photo credit: Joe Ridley / Beth Martin

Her lens isn’t supported at all as just her thumb is below the lens, with her fingers on top. Plus, operating the zoom or focus rings requires her to lift her hand away from the lens entirely.

Also, her left arm is away from her body, so there’s no rigidity to prevent camera movement.

Can you imagine holding this position while you wait for exactly the right moment to take a shot? Or panning smoothly while you photograph a cyclist coming past? You’ll be all over the place and your shot won’t be sharp.

Let’s try another example.

Which photographer is holding his camera correctly?

Here’s a clue – he really wants to avoid camera shake.

Two ways to hold a camera and only one is correct

Yep, the guy on the left, who, interestingly, is also using a tripod to support his camera.

The guy on the right has his fingers on top of the lens and his thumb underneath. The lens and camera aren’t supported, so he’s risking camera shake, and he can’t get to the controls on the front left without taking his hand away from the lens.

What’s more, if he needs to make a change that involves accessing those controls, he’d have to take the camera away from his eye, look at the controls, make his adjustments and bring the camera back up. With all that faffing about he might miss the moment.

Can you spot the difference here?

Here we have two photographers taking a shot with the camera turned for portrait orientation (vertical).

Frontview of how to hold a camera correctly

Photo credit: Cameron Kirby

Incorrect way to hold a camera vertically

Photo credit: Joe Ridley / Beth Martin

You should’ve picked up that their left hand positions are different in these two images and the first photographer has her left hand in the correct position.

Did you notice their right hands are also different?

The first photographer has her right hand on top of the lens.

The second photographer has her right hand squished up underneath her camera. She’s turned her camera clockwise to take the shot instead of turning it anti-clockwise.

That’s also wrong. Do you know why?

There’s virtually no support for her camera in this position. It’s also not so easy to operate the dials and buttons on the front, top and back of the camera while shooting like this.

When you turn your camera to portrait orientation, if you’re not holding it correctly with your left hand, it’s even more difficult to avoid camera shake.

The correct way to hold a camera 

Here’s a side view of how to hold a camera correctly.

View from the side of how to hold a camera correctly

Here you can see an example of the correct way to hold your camera in portrait orientation

How about these photographers?

Can you spot the difference?

How to hold a camera correctly when vertical

How not to hold a camera vertically

They both have their right hands in the correct position, but do you see the woman’s left hand? It’s not supporting her lens and camera. The guy’s got it right.

If at all possible, get even more support by supporting your supporting arm on something – lean on something or against something. If you’re sitting down, bend your legs and put your elbows on your knees.

Support your camera when sitting

This is me being a human tripod

So, to recap.…… think tripod!

If you’re not already holding your camera correctly, practice to get used to it. Until it becomes natural for you, be conscious of your hand positions. Eventually you’ll develop the muscle memory so that you don’t have to think about it anymore.

The less you have to think about while photographing, the more you can concentrate on creating the gorgeous images you want.

Lastly, and very importantly, how sure you are that your camera strap is attached correctly?

Most photographers don’t do this correctly, because they don’t follow the manual. After all, how hard can it be? You’d be surprised.


Leave a comment

If you have any questions about how to hold a camera, let us know in the comments.

Also, I love good news, so if my beginner photography tips have helped you to understand why you need to hold a camera correctly and how to do it, share that too.

4 thoughts on “How to hold a camera correctly for sharp photos”

  1. Jane: This photography topic is well received. I love photography but my busy schedule prevents me at times from participating in photography projects as I would like. Nevertheless it’s always a pleasure reading your photography tips.

  2. Dear Jane, Another wonderful article with basic, but important tips on how to hold your camera. Please note that in the discussion of the way the two women are holding the camera in portrait orientation, it says ‘the second woman is holding her camera with the right hand on top. The second woman is holding her camera with the right hand on the bottom’. Correct that first sentence to ‘the first woman’ and you’re all set :-).


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